Profile of NCDs in EMR
Cancer, diabetes, heart disease and lung disease – the four main types of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) – are now the world’s top killers. They are responsible for 41 million deaths every year, often after long hospitalizations and costly treatment, which is putting a huge amount of pressure on already fragile health systems. Furthermore, mental health disorders increase the risk of these chronic diseases and vice versa, so developing a comprehensive strategy means tackling both NCDs and mental health.
Throughout the Eastern Mediterranean Region, however, the burden of NCDs continues to grow. Over 2.2 million lives are lost annually due to NCDs in the region, accounting for more than 57% of all deaths. Projections indicate a continuous increase in the prevalence of NCDs, estimated to cause as many as 2.4 million deaths in 2025 unless urgent action is taken.